Population: 138,429 (2009)
Yambol Region is situated in the south eastern part of Bulgaria. It is bounded by the regions of Sliven, Burgas, Haskovo and Stara Zagora, and borders Turkey to the south. The landscape is predominantly plain and hilly. The region encompasses the Yambol Plain, the Elhovo Plain, the Bakadzhik Hills, parts of the Sakar Mountains, the Svetliyskite, the Derventskite and the Manastirskite Heights. Tundzha is the largest river in the region. Malko Sharkovo dam is constructed on the Popovska river. There are mineral springs in the village of Stefan Karadzhovo, near the town of Straldzha and the village of Pravdino.
Along the course of the Tundzha River there are well preserved riparian dense forests, called the “ormani”. In the nature reserves of Gorna Topchiya, Dolna Topchiya and Balabana, and in the protected areas of the Ormana and “The Swamp” (Blatoto) there are many rare animal and herbaceous species. The clean air and beautiful nature offer excellent possibilities for recreation and health tourism. The valley of the Tundzha River offers good conditions for hunting tourism, and boat sightseeing cruises in picturesque areas amidst the lush vegetation.
The Yambol province contains five municipalities. The following table shows the names of each municipality in English and Cyrillic, the main town or village (towns are shown in bold), and the population of each as of December 2009.
The motto of the town of Yambol is “Coming from the remote past, going to the future”. Archaeological findings in the area date back to the year 6000 BC, to the time of Roman Emperor Diocletian’s reign when the castle, called Diospolis, was built on the location of the present modern town. The best preserved historical sites, dating back to the fifteenth century, are the bazar “Bezisten” and the mosque “Esky Djamia”, which have been restored and are functioning at present. Other historical sites of interest are the prehistoric tumulus by the village of Drama, the remains of Yambol Mediaeval castle and the Monastery of the Middle Ages in Voden.
Yambol is home to the ancient settlement of Kabile, a national archaeological reserve and a nature preserved site, being the most important Thracian settlement in Bulgaria. In modern study of ancient Thrace it has already been proved that Kabile was the most prominent political, economic and religious centre from the first millennium BC. The archaeological investigations of the ancient city that have taken place in the last thirty years have revealed a great number of artefacts (stone inscriptions, coins, ceramic ware and remains of building activities) dating from times over a millennium long history. Most of the discovered artefacts have already been published and used as a data for archaeological and historical studies.
There are more than 270 ancient villages and approximately 1000 burial mounds in the region; most of them are located along the valley of the Tundzha River and its tributary system. In Yambol Region, within the area of Sakar Mountains, there is the highest concentration of megaliths and dolmens (Neolithic tombs built from large stone blocks). They can still be seen near the villages of Hlyabovo, Sakartsi, Bulgarska Polyana, and in various other locations. The most famous ancient historical site in the region is the Thracian city of Kabille, near the village of Kabille. In the region there are more than 30 fortresses from the Antiquity and the Middle Ages that used to defend the southern frontier.
There are also many historical sites reminiscent of the struggle for liberation of the Bulgarian people against the Ottoman rule, and the guerrilla detachments (chetas) of brave voevods (haidouks), who used to traverse the area between the Bakadzhik Hills and the Balkan Mountains. After Bulgaria’s liberation in 1878 Yambol and the region remained in East Rumelia, a vassal county of the Ottoman Empire. After the Unification of East Rumelia with the Bulgarian Principality in 1885 the area was completely liberated.
Many ancient and traditional ritual and crafts are preserved in the region and can be observed during the numerous folklore holidays, gatherings and singing competitions. The famous red wines of Yambol should not be overlooked.
Yambol is situated in the eastern part of the Gorno Thracian lowland on the two banks of the Tundzha River, 304 km east of Sofia. Many ancient and traditional rituals and crafts are preserved in the region and can be observed during the numerous folklore holidays, gatherings and singing competitions.
The region around Yambol is ideal for fishing, hunting and hiking. The Black sea is only 80 km and the Aegean Sea is 160 km. he tourism in the town has brought about more demand for facilities and night life including a number of modern apartments and luxury hotels. This is a boom town and it won’t be long before the location, so favourible in terms of access to skiing and coastal resorts, will become an even more sought after place to live.
This and the extremely low price on properties make this area attractive to foreign buyers. There are many rural houses and plots of land for sale in the villages around Yambol and their prices are very lucrative. Prices of rural houses depend on the condition and the size of the house and the yard and the proximity to Yambol.